1. Members of the Professions Holdings Advanced Degrees: Advanced degree means any United States academic or professional degree or a foreign equivalent degree above that of baccalaureate. The United States baccalaureate degree or a foreign equivalent degree followed by at least five (5) years of progressively responsible experience in a specialty occupation is considered the equivalent of a Master’s degree. This category requires a job offer in the profession and the sponsoring employer must obtain a labor certification (PERM) approval from the U.S. Department of Labor. In addition, the labor certification must indicate that the position offered is one that requires the advanced degree to perform the job.
2. Aliens of Exceptional Ability: To show that an individual is an alien of exceptional ability in the sciences, arts, or business, the petition must be accompanied by at least three of the following:
This category requires a job offer in the area of exceptional ability and the sponsoring employer must obtain a labor certification (PERM) approval from the U.S. Department of Labor.
3. National Interest Waivers: To establish that work in is “in the national interest” of the United States, the applicant must establish that 1) he or she seeks employment in an area of substantial intrinsic merit, 2) the proposed benefit will be national in scope, and 3) the national interest would be adversely affected if a labor certification were required for the individual. (An individual seeking an exemption from the PERM labor certification process must present a national benefit so great as to outweigh the national interest inherent in the labor certification process.) As the term national interest has not been defined in the Immigration and Nationality Act, many factors are considered in determining national interest, including improvement of: the U.S. economy, wages and working conditions for U.S. workers, education, healthcare, the environment and housing. In addition, the USCIS will give considerable weight to a request by an interested government agency.
1. Professionals: The sponsored position requires at least a U.S. baccalaureate degree (or its foreign educational equivalent).
2. Skilled Workers: The sponsored position requires at least two years of training or experience.
3. Other Workers: The sponsored position requires less than two years training or experience.